July 2019 was Earth's hottest month ever recorded

An annotated map of the world showing notable climate events that occurred around the world in July 2019

The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration says July was 0.95 degrees Celsius warmer than the 20th century average of 15.8C in that month.

The July peaks came hot on the heels of a sizzling June, which ended up being the hottest June recorded over the past 140 years.

Previously, July 2016 held the record for the hottest month ever.

In the USA we didn't have extremely notable heat in July.

According to NOAA, average Arctic sea ice set a record low for July, running 19.8% below average - surpassing the previous historic low of July 2012.

The European Union's Copernicus Climate Change Service made a similar declaration last week - adding that this record was achieved without a strong El Niño, the natural warming of the Pacific Ocean that boosts the Earth's average temperature.

When we break out global temperatures into land and ocean temperatures, the oceans just had their warmest July on record and 5th warmest monthly temperature on record.

And Antarctic sea-ice coverage dipped below average, NOAA said, "making it the smallest for July in the 41-year record".

July's average global temperature represents a continuation of a pattern that began more than 30 years ago; last month was the 415th consecutive month when the world was warmer than average.

Scientists say this past July was the hottest month on Earth in 140 years of record-keeping, and brought Arctic and Antarctic sea ice to historic lows.

The scorching July is only part of a record-setting summer - the previous month was the hottest June on record worldwide, according to the NOAA.

Of the top-10 hottest Julys ever recorded by scientists, 9 have occurred since 2005.

The regions that experienced significantly higher-than-normal July temperatures include Alaska, central Europe and parts of northern and southwestern Asia, as well as parts of Africa and Australia.

Meteorologists expect 2019 won't beat the current record for warmest year, set in 2016. According to the National Snow and Ice Data Center, if the rate of sea ice loss going forward occurs at the same pace as it did in most recent years, then this year will go down in the record books as having the second lowest sea ice extent.



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