New Guidelines on How to Prevent Dementia

Smoking was found to be one of the biggest risk factors

Dementia affects more than 425,000 Australians, but new guidelines set out by the World Health Organisation (WHO), aim to reduce a person's risk of getting the disease.

In recommendations to counter an expected tripling in the number of people with the degenerative condition in the next 30 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines are created to help medical professionals and governments to develop national policies. Dementia is a condition characterized by difficulty with memory, thinking, and doing everyday daily activities.

"The costs of caring for people with dementia are estimated to rise to two trillion USA dollars annually by 2030", the organisation said. They also include drinking alcohol at moderate levels and cutting smoking altogether. According to the United Nations health agency, having a healthy diet, especially a Mediterranean one, maintaining healthy blood pressure, consuming less amount of alcohol, and exercising regularly could help in reducing the risk of the brain condition.

More investment in dementia prevention is being urged after the global cost of caring for people with the condition reached £632bn a year.

If you want to save your brain, focus on keeping the rest of your body well with exercise and healthy habits rather than popping vitamin pills, new guidelines for preventing dementia advise.

The report said that although age is the strongest known risk factor for cognitive decline, dementia is not a natural or inevitable outcome of ageing. However, there was not always strong evidence that dementia risk would be reduced with these steps.

Dementia results from a variety of diseases and injuries that primarily or secondarily affect the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease or stroke.

The agency said its new recommendations could provide the key to delaying or slowing cognitive decline or dementia.

They will also be useful to governments, policy makers and planning authorities as a guide in developing policy and designing programmes that encourage healthy lifestyles.

"People should be looking for these nutrients through food. not through supplements", Carrillo agreed.

People can reduce the risk of dementia by adhering to a healthy lifestyle.

World Health Organization said that iSupport was now being used in eight countries, adding that the organisation will soon facilitate the adoption of the programme by more countries.

And they hint that an active social life could also be beneficial, pointing to studies showing that social disengagement can place older individuals at increased risk of cognitive impairment.

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