Alabama Senate Passes Nation's Strictest Abortion Bill

Alabama has the sixth lowest percentage of female legislative representation in the country

The U.S. Supreme Court is seen in Washington, U.S., June 11, 2018. The only exception would be if a mother's life is at risk.

Under the laws, doctors could face 99 years in prison for carrying out an abortion, and 10 years for attempting to terminate a pregnancy.

Lawmakers in Alabama recently voted to ban virtually all abortions in the state, setting up a likely challenge to Roe v. Wade in the Supreme Court.

The House approved the measure - the most far-reaching effort in the nation this year to curb abortion rights - last month. Wingo said: "There will be a number of road blocks and a number of hurdles, but I think there's a path to get to the supreme court and have that discussion at the supreme court level about when does personhood begin, when does life begin".

Until past year, judges were split fairly evenly between liberal and conservative, but in July US President Donald Trump nominated Brett Kavanaugh, a conservative Catholic to replace retiring Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy, tipping the scales towards the right.

"There are already 14 cases nationwide in the pipeline, two of which are now at the Supreme Court of the United States", he said.

This year, the governor has also signed a measure that requires abortion providers to tell women undergoing drug-induced abortions that it's possible they could still have a live birth if they change their mind. From there, the path forward is uncertain: Even supporters of the bill do not expect it to survive the review of a lower court.

Historically abortion laws were decided by each state, until in 1973 the US Supreme Court legalised abortion across the country through the landmark Roe vs Wade case.

Similarly restrictive abortion bans in Kentucky and MS already are before the courts, and lawmakers in Alabama are fully aware that judges are likely to intervene.

"There are only four women in the Alabama senate, who are among the eight-strong Democratic party minority in the upper chamber of the state legislature". The law criminalized an abortion method called dilation and evacuation, sometimes called D&E, in which the woman's cervix is dilated and the contents of the uterus are removed.

The Alabama bill goes further, restricting all abortions and making it a felony to perform the procedure. Abortion rights advocates warned repeatedly that a resurgent conservative majority could spell the end for federal abortion protections, leaving the issue for states to decide.

The legal doctrine protects the court's credibility by avoiding politicization and keeps the law evenhanded. "While we can not undo the damage that decades of legal precedence under Roe have caused, this bill has the opportunity to save the lives of millions of unborn children", Republican Sen.

On Monday, liberal Justice Stephen Breyer dissented when the court overturned a 1979 precedent in an unrelated case and in doing so cited the 1992 abortion ruling that upheld Roe. Writing about a different ruling, Breyer said it causes one to wonder 'which cases the court will overrule next'. The groups mentioned stated they will be looking to challenge the bill, should it become a law. "It seems that, in a way, abortion and rape are being kind of equated", Ziegler said.

The largest human rights defence organisation in the United States, the ACLU, promised to file a lawsuit to block its implementation, saying the vote showed "how little they (conservative lawmakers) regard bodily autonomy".

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