USA tightens sanctions on Iran's N-program

A general view of Iran’s Bushehr nuclear power plant built by Russia

Additionally, the United States also warned that assisting Iran in expanding its Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant could invite sanctions. In May 2018, US President Donald Trump walked away from the deal concluded by his predecessor Barack Obama.

Apart from that, until now, Iran was allowed to ship low-enriched uranium to Russian Federation before it reaches 300-kilogram limit, which would likely to be hit by the recent U.S. sanctions as well.

The United States has tightened sanctions on Iran by increasing restrictions on Iran's nuclear program. Based on this decision, Iran can not ship out its enriched uranium and receive new supplies of natural uranium.

A day earlier, Washington had renewed five nuclear exemptions for 90 days, instead of 180, as in the past.

The US said it will no longer permit the storage for Iran of heavy water it has produced in excess of current limits.

The EU's foreign policy chief and foreign ministers of the three countries released a statement, reiterating their support for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal, and "take note with regret and concern of the decision by the United States not to extend waivers with regards to trade in oil with Iran".

"The important point for us is that we all reject the USA secondary sanctions and see them as unacceptable", Fars quoted Scholz as saying in a meeting with the Iranian commercial officials in the southern province of Fars.

The EU and the three European signatories of the accord said in a joint statement on May 4 that they were troubled by the USA decision "not to fully renew waivers for nuclear nonproliferation projects in the framework" of the accord, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

"We know what they are doing, but we are not like some novice (countries) in the region and we will do nothing ... that may lead to further chaos in the region", the top Iranian parliamentarian said.

The JCPoA was signed between Iran and six worldwide mediators (the United Kingdom, Germany, China, Russia, the United States, and France) on July 14, 2015. "We have no way but to resist and unite", Rouhani said in a televised speech.

In April, Washington announced that it would not reissue waivers for Iranian oil importers after their expiry on 2 May.

Mahjoob Zweiri, director of the Gulf Studies Center at Qatar University, told Al Jazeera the United States move is aimed at stopping Iran from exporting oil.

Friday's United States move, which Rouhani made no direct reference to, was the third punitive action Washington has taken against Iran in as many weeks.

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