India’s carbon emissions projected to rise 6.3% this year

US backers of Paris accord set up camp at climate talks

In India, which is already the third-biggest emitter of the world, the carbon dioxide emissions in 2018 are likely to be 6.3 per cent more than in 2017, and expected to touch 2.62 billion tonnes, the report says.

Even a 2C ceiling above pre-industrial levels may not be enough to avoid catastrophic impacts, the UN's climate science panel concluded in a landmark report in October.

Some of the nations most at risk from climate change will have the chance Monday to plead the case for immediate action. The organization said in the meeting held in Poland that climate change has a serious impact on human lives and health as exposure to air pollution causes seven million deaths worldwide every year, costing an estimated 5.11 trillion US dollars in welfare losses globally.

She warned that the rapid growth in low carbon technologies was still not sufficient to force global emissions past their peak, as some had hoped was happening between 2014 and 2016. By 2020, India can announce its own fossil-fuel exit strategy and a target date for its peak Carbon dioxide emissions, the study said.

The article in Environmental Research Letters said Chinese emissions in 2018, compared to 2017, were estimated to have grown 4.7 per cent, with the USA up 2.5 per cent, the European Union down 0.7 per cent, India up 6.3 per cent, and the rest of the world up 1.8 per cent.

However, the report's findings were not uniformly bleak for green businesses and climate campaigners.

Fossil fuel emissions are estimated to grow this year by 4.7 percent in China, 6.3 percent in India and 2.5 percent in the U.S. and decrease by 0.7 percent in the EU.

Almost 200 nations are huddled at UN climate talks in Katowice, Poland until December 14.

This year's growth in emissions has been attributed to the strong economic growth.

China's top planning agency said Wednesday that three areas - Liaoning in the northeast Rust Belt and the big coal-producing regions of Ningxia and Xinjiang in the northwest - had failed to meet their targets to curb energy consumption growth and improve efficiency a year ago. They are set to achieve more than what they agreed in the first round of Paris Agreement in 2015.

Mohamed Adow, worldwide climate lead for Christian Aid, said poor people in developing countries most exposed to climate hazards simply can not wait.

But Yang said that these areas were not representative of the whole country, and that China was generally on the right track.

"In short, we need a complete transformation of our global energy economy, as well as how we manage land and forest resources", Guterres said.

Such changes - in all large-emitting nations - have to happen fast.

Countries are also under pressure to work towards increasing, by 2020, their national pledges to cut the emissions that cause climate change, as current plans put the world on a path to more than 3C of warming by 2100.

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