Trump NAFTA termination vow pressures Congress to bless new deal

The leaders of Mexico the United States and Canada sign the

U.S. President Donald Trump, Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexico's President Enrique Pena Nieto sign documents during the USMCA signing ceremony before the G20 leaders summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina November 30, 2018.

Trump's goal in announcing the end of NAFTA is to put pressure on Congress to accept the new agreement with Mexico and Canada. Marco Rubio says the deal - called USMCA by the USA and CUSMA by Canada - gives agricultural producers in Mexico an unfair advantage that could put seasonal growers in his state out of business.

"Just so you understand, when I do that - if for any reason we're unable to make a deal because of Congress then Congress will have a choice" of the new deal or returning to trade rules from before 1994 when NAFTA took effect, he said. NFU president Roger Johnson wants changes before Congress ratifies the agreement. Millions of products arrive in US ports annually and are then transported by trucks.

According to the American Farm Bureau Federation, agricultural exports to Canada and Mexico increased from $8.9 billion to $39 billion under NAFTA.

Shortly after Friday's signing, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer insisted that the deal was negotiated with bipartisan support from both Democrats and Republicans, and expressed confidence it would survive the congressional approval process.

National Farmers Union (NFU) said that while USMCA makes important improvements over NAFTA, the deal now does not go far enough to institute a fair trade framework that benefits family farmers and ranchers and restores sovereignty to the US. There are many provisions that will be popular with constituents throughout the country, and Crawford said it would be a "gross miscalculation" by House Democrats if they try to stop or change the agreement.

"While there's a lot to like in this new agreement, I'm disappointed that the Section 232 tariffs on Canada and Mexico still remain in place", Republican Senator Rob Portman said in a statement on Friday. "I think that's how he thinks he's going to whip votes".

"A great deal." Trump said Saturday, during a press conference on Air Force One.

Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi, of California, said she is not yet ready to judge the new trade deal but was dismissive of it.

Another provision gives the United States the right to limit access for longhaul truck drivers from Mexico.

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