Finally recognizing that things were getting out of hand, not to mention awfully expensive, United States president Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gobachev signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, or INF, in 1987.
When did Trump and Putin last meet?
Russian Federation denies U.S. claims it has breached the treaty and warns that withdrawal is a "dangerous step".
But speaking at a news conference after his talks with Putin, Bolton gave no indication of any change of course on the INF treaty.
The Russian side had continued to insist it was complying with the treaty, he said, despite the accusations Washington has been making since 2014 that Moscow is developing missiles banned by the agreement.
"It is the American position that Russian Federation is in violation", Bolton said at Interfax, the same press agency where he discussed USA plans to withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missiles treaty in 2001. "That's just not acceptable".
"The reality is, the treaty was outmoded, being violated and being ignored by other countries", Bolton said.
The Trump administration has complained of Moscow's deployment of Novator 9M729 missiles, which Washington says fall under the treaty's ban on missiles that can travel distances of between 310 and 3,400 miles (500 and 5,500 kilometers).
"We have more money than anybody else by far", Trump said.
"We will build it up", Trump told reporters outside the White House when asked if he was prepared to increase America's nuclear capacity. "Until they come to their senses". "And we're not going to let them violate a nuclear agreement and go out and do weapons (while) we're not allowed to".
Bolton also said that China's cyberattacks against the United States made Russian Federation seem like the "junior partner". "And it includes anybody else that wants to play that game". You can't do that.
"Hopefully I'll have some answers for you", Bolton replied.
Earlier Tuesday, Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Trump took "a risky position" by deciding to abandon an existing nuclear weapons treaty with Russian Federation without offering anything to replace it.
"It's sometimes surprising to see how the United States makes absolutely unprovoked steps with regard to Russia", Putin told Bolton through a translator.
Putin was, however, quoted as telling Bolton that it would be "very useful to exchange views on issues of strategic stability, disarmament, and regional conflicts". "Such parity will be secured under all circumstances".
Ryabkov told Sputnik that Russian Federation would adopt a number of retaliatory measures if the United States continues to unilaterally withdraw from agreements.
Once unshackled from the INF treaty, the United States will undoubtedly bolster its capabilities in its face-off with China.
If the U.S. were to drop out of the INF Treaty and begin producing new ground-based missiles, it could open up another - more risky - strategic front between Beijing and Washington. He also said he was open to meeting with Trump next month "to continue a direct dialogue". In 2011, Bolton wrote an opinion piece outlining why the United States should leave the treaty.
Without the restrictions of the 1987 treaty, China has had a free hand developing and deploying intermediate-range nuclear missiles of its own, including missiles created to take out US aircraft carriers patrolling the waters of the Western Pacific. Until people come to their senses - Russian Federation has not adhered to the agreement. "The world doesn't need a new arms race that would benefit no one and on the contrary would bring even more instability".
His talks in Moscow have also covered other weapons issues, including the 2010 New START treaty, which puts limits on the two countries' long-range nuclear arsenals and expires in 2021 - and broader bilateral ties. Trump has repeatedly denied collusion.
Moscow has denied President Trump's claim and threatened to respond in kind if the USA withdrew from the 1987 agreement which bans the production of medium range nuclear missiles.
Bolton told Kommersant that he and Patrushev had discussed the possibility of another Trump-Putin meeting.
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