Television said Khan planned to appeal against the sentence.
The forest department arrested the actor in the blackbuck poaching case on October 12, 1998. Khan's lawyers argued for probation and pleading to a minimum sentence.
Khan was the only one convicted however, as the others all walked free; it is thought that the traditional community Bishnois, who helped to file the case, will appeal against the acquittal.
The court in Jodhpur found the actor guilty of illegally hunting the two blackbucks from his auto while filming "Hum Saath Saath Hain" in 1998.
Salman Khan has been convicted of killing a black buck, a protected animal, while out on a "hunt" 20 years ago during the shooting of "Hum Saath Saath Hain". And although his co-stars-in-crimes' (Saif Ali Khan, Sonali Bendre, Tabu and Neelam) slates have been wiped clean, we should be thankful to the Jodhpur Court for not bowing down to Salman's fame and stardom. Khan was reportedly upset after his conviction.
Known in Bollywood as "bhai" meaning "brother", Khan has made a career playing larger-than-life characters who often overcome near-impossible challenges. He spent a week in a Jodhpur jail before being granted bail.
The Prosecutor lawyer Mahipal Bishnoi said, "The court has given a five-year jail term and fined Salman Khan 10,000 rupees ($150)".
Then, in 2016, the Rajasthan High Court acquitted Salman Khan of all charges, saying there was no evidence to show that the animals that were found dead had been shot by the actor's licensed gun.
Final arguments of the case were completed in the trial court on March 28, after which Chief Judicial Magistrate Dev Kumar Khatri had reserved the judgment for today. At the time of announcing the order, Salman would have to be in a court.
Khan has always been known as one of Bollywood's bad boys and has been in trouble with the law before.
In an entirely separate case, he was acquitted in 2015 over a hit-and-run incident dating back to 2002. "There's politics involved. It's been nearly 20 years to the incident and after so long, it's not fair to give him 5 years in jail", said another disheartened fan.