North Korea is skirting sanctions — United Nations consultants

North Korea Violated UN Sanctions To Earn $200 Million from Prohibited Exports, Report Finds

The UN report claimed that previous year, North Korea earned almost $200 million by exporting banned commodities in breach of global sanctions.

The latest resolution in December - in response to the launch of a ballistic missile that Pyongyang says is capable of reaching anywhere on the US mainland - sharply lowered limits on North Korea's refined oil imports and authorized the inspection and seizure of ships suspected of smuggling banned items including coal and oil to and from the country.

Concerning North Korea's weapons provision to Myanmar, the report cited an anonymous country as saying it has evidence of the transactions, and that in addition to ballistic missiles Pyongyang also supplied conventional weapons, including multiple rocket launchers and surface-to-air missiles.

According to a member state that remained unidentified in the report, North Korean "technicians continue to operate at chemical weapons and missile facilities at Barzei, Adra and Hama".

This undated photo released by North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on February 1, 2018, shows North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un at the newly-remodeled Pyongyang Trolley Bus Factory in Pyongyang. It then banned all exports of coal by North Korea on 5 August. Countries involved in trade with the rogue state include China, Russia and Malaysia.

Coal is also said to have been exported to several countries, including South Korea, using, quote, "a combination of multiple evasion techniques, routes and deceptive tactics".

The report says the North used trans-shipment through third countries and fraudulent documentation to obscure the origin of the coal.

North Korea "is already flouting the most recent resolutions by exploiting global oil supply chains, complicit foreign nationals, offshore company registries and the worldwide banking system", the document stated.

The North Korean company cooperating with the two governments - KOMID - is on a United Nations sanctions blacklist, according to the report.

Last year, the UN Security Council adopted a series of resolutions aimed at restricting exports, with the objective of cutting off revenue to North Korea's military programme.

Meanwhile, CNN said yesterday that its months-long investigation found a secret web of front companies involving North Korea and the African nation of Mozambique as well as military cooperation deals that violate sanctions.

Have Syria and Myanmar been cooperating with North Korea?

According to Reuters, the authors of the report investigated North Korean arms shipments with Syria and Myanmar.

The panel revealed that between 2012 and 2017, there had been over 40 North Korean shipments to companies acting for the research centre overseeing Syria's chemical weapons programme.

North Korean diplomats in trade particularly continue to provide logistical support for arms sales and help organise exchanges for military technicians.

It urges all countries involved to step up their monitoring of North Korea.



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