Madison Nobel Prize victor honored with today's Google Doodle

Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Singh was born in 1922 in Raipur, British India (today Kabirwala, Pakistan) to Ganpat Rai Khorana, a taxation clerk and Krishna Devi Khorana. He and a team of researchers received the award after discovering how the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built and in turn, form the proteins that carry out cell functions.

Remembering him, Banerjee tweeted: "Remembering Nobel laureate scientist Har Gobind Khorana on his birth anniversary". Google paid tribute to the man with a doodle to celebrate his 96th birthday. The Nobel Prize-winner is known for constructing the first synthetic gene.

Bangalore-based illustrator Rohan Dahotre shared the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine with two colleagues named Robert Holley and Marshall Nirenberg who presented Khorana in the doodle.

Google honors scientist Har Gobind Khorana with new Doodle
Madison Nobel Prize victor honored with today's Google Doodle

Har Gobind Khorana was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan.

Some might be content to stop at winning the Nobel Prize, but for Khorana that was just the beginning. Through scholarships, Khorana eventually earned his doctorate in organic chemistry at the age of 26 - and then began his global academic career, conducting research in Canada, England, and Switzerland before settling in the United States. His actual date of birth is unknown but is shown in documents as January 9, 1922. Khorana was an expert on the chemical synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids. In 1970, Khorana joined the faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as the Alfred P. Sloan professor of biology and chemistry, the position he held until he died on November 9, 2011 at age 89.

While studying in Switzerland, Dr. Khorana met and married his wife, Esther Elizabeth Sible, with whom he had three children. These include the ability to create artificial life and most recently, to edit genomes with CRISPR technology, which could one day eradicate genetic disorders. According to, "Khorana went to Punjab University in Lahore and graduated with a Master of Science". After being awarded with the Government of India Fellowship in 1945, Khorana went to England for a PhD degree at the University of Liverpool. The image could be seen by Google users in 13 countries, including the United States, India, Argentina, Chile and Japan.



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