In a telephone call, Rouhanitold France's new president Emmanuel Macron he was hopeful that Europe would not copy Trump's stance against the Islamic Republic. From their redoubts, they are able to frustrate reform and to check key parts of Rouhani's agenda. The revolution was also young.
He made veiled criticisms at security agencies that control large swathes of the Iranian economy and have sought to block his efforts to privatise and attract foreign investment.
"This revolutionary value... is the raison d'etre of the political establishment, particularly the top gilded circle of Iranian leaders". While the Iranian press is strictly limited and closely monitored, discussions over social media take place relatively free from those limits.
All of that sounds pretty good. By going on the offense and adopting reformist positions, Rouhani attempted to sway undecided, politically dissatisfied voters.
There are a few reasons for this. In 2013, the reformists' main presidential candidate, Hashemi Rafsanjani, was disqualified, and reformists made a decision to back Rouhani as an alternate. Turning to this aspect of Trump's first trip overseas as American president, Lord Lamont said: "No attention is paid to the insecurity of Iran, a country which has been invaded by its Arab neighbour in the past, and yet the West goes on pouring arms to the enemies of Iran".
Rouhani's most important achievement was the decline of inflation to almost 10%, but it also had a terrifying byproduct. Rouhani's problem is that nothing much has changed in the economy, either. Iran's most powerful authority - Ayatollah Ali Khamenei - has ruled out normalisation of ties with the United States. This means in practice that Mr Rouhani can inveigh against crackdowns and house arrests of the democratic opposition (which he mainly does during elections), but ultimately it's not his call. Iran announced some terms of the new investor contract at a November 2015 conference in Tehran, and it targeted signing the first deals in March or April of 2016.
"The United States and Israel can declare with one voice that Iran must never be allowed to possess a nuclear weapon - never ever - and must cease its deadly funding, training and equipping of terrorists and militias", Mr Trump said.
In 2013, Iran proposed an immediate cease-fire and a plan to end the war in Syria.
"The election does give Rouhani a mandate to push things through", Ghanem Nuseibeh, founder of London-based management consultant Cornerstone Global Associates, said in an interview in Dubai on Sunday.
NASR: Yes, it is actually ironic, but also, it's even more ironic in that Rouhani - when he was elected first in Iran, he was a moderate.
His win is viewed by many as a referendum on his push for worldwide outreach that led to the nuclear deal.
"Militarily, strategically, ideologically and geopolitically, some of the core pillars of Iran's political establishment - for nearly four decades since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979 - have been anti-Americanism, damaging USA national interests, inciting hatred toward the United States, chanting "Death to America" and 'The Great Satan, ' and scuttling the foreign policy objectives of the U.S. and its allies", Rafizadeh told Arab News.
It will encourage Iran to take precautions and assume that a longterm understanding with the USA and the Sunni states is becoming less and less feasible. It's true that turnout for the vote was high.
"While the elections were highly constrained, their outcome was significant", he said.
But it's unclear how thoroughly Trump has thought through what his anti-Iran policy will look like in practice.
It is inevitable that hard-line conservatives would continue opposing Rouhani's campaign promises: the country improving its relations with other countries, introducing foreign capital and eradicating corruption.
Iranians did speak up for their future in 2009.
It's understandable that Iranians forced to live under the thumb of the mullahs voted for the least-worst option.
The councils have opened up Iran's political system in the time since.
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